USDA August Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production Report

Released October 2, 2017, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

July 2017 contained 31 days.
August 2017 contained 31 days.

Total corn consumed for alcohol and other uses was 542 million bushels in August 2017. 

Total corn consumption was up 6 percent from July 2017 and up 6 percent from August 2016. 

August 2017 usage included 90.5 percent for alcohol and 9.5 percent for other purposes. 

Corn consumed for beverage alcohol totaled 3.45 million bushels, up 12 percent from July 2017 and up 10 percent from August 2016. 

Corn for fuel alcohol, at 481 million bushels, was up 6 percent from July 2017 and up 5 percent from August 2016. 

Corn consumed in August 2017 for dry milling fuel production and wet milling fuel production was 89.5 percent and 10.5 percent respectively.

Dry mill co-product production of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) was 2.06 million tons during August 2017, up 7 percent from July 2017 but down 1 percent from August 2016. 

Distillers wet grains (DWG) 65 percent or more moisture was 1.35 million tons in August 2017, up 1 percent from July 2017 and up 10 percent from August 2016.

Wet mill corn gluten feed production was 368 thousand tons during August 2017, up 12 percent from July 2017 and up 9 percent from August 2016.

Wet corn gluten feed 40 to 60 percent moisture was 325 thousand tons in August 2017, up 19 percent from July 2017 and up 5 percent from August 2016.


Dry and Wet Mill, Corn Consumed - United States: August 2017 with Comparisons

Purpose 

August 2016

July      2017

August 2017

1,000 bushels

Beverage alcohol

3,132

3,073

3,454

Fuel alcohol

458,357

454,786

481,039

Dry mill

411,406

412,305         

430,702

Wet mill

46,951

42,481

50,337

Industrial alcohol

5,810           

5,716           

5,961

Consumed for other purposes     :   

Total wet mill products other than fuel

 

43,670

 

45,535

 

51,263

 

Dry Mill, Sorghum Consumed - United States: August 2017 with Comparisons

Purpose                         

August 2016 

July 2017   

August 2017

                    1,000 cwt

Consumed for alcohol production                                       

Fuel alcohol

 

4,366

 

5,332

 

3,940

 

Dry and Wet Mill, Co-products and Products Produced - United States: August 2017 with Comparisons

Co-products and products

August 2016 

July    2017   

August 2017

                                                                                                           tons

Dry mill 

Condensed distillers solubles (CDS - syrup)

 

143,040         

 

142,865         

 

132,678

Corn oil (Corn Distillers Oil - CDO)

142,000

157,669 

160,413

Distillers dried grains (DDG)

428,748 

471,124 

472,705

Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS)

2,072,699       

1,921,744 

2,062,107

Distillers wet grains (DWG) 65% or more moisture

1,230,155       

1,342,934

1,353,477

Modified distillers wet grains (DWG) 40% to 64% moisture

 

353,754         

 

423,728 

 

430,780

Wet mill 

Corn germ meal

 

65,783

 

57,952

 

61,762

Corn gluten feed

336,916

328,031

367,675

Corn gluten meal

87,793

85,087 

92,950

Wet corn gluten feed 40% to 60% moisture

309,077

272,165

324,598

Dry and wet mill

Carbon dioxide captured

 

224,408

 

207,049

 

230,591

 

Statistical Methodology


Survey Procedures: Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production is part of the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) program. 

CAIR reports are administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture program. 

Response to CAIR surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). 

Data are collected from all known mills that produce ethanol.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of ethanol production in 2014. 

During the operation profile, facilities that met the survey criteria were asked for the nameplate production capacity. 

The operation profile also documented the manner in which the firm will report. 

A firm headquarters can report for all milling locations or each location can report separately.

In the Dry Mill Producers and Wet Mill Producers survey questionnaires, mills are asked for previous calendar month data on feedstocks consumed, products and co-products produced. 

Mills are mailed questionnaires with the options of completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR).

For surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by using historical data and current data relationships. 

Data for reporting firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports or corrected data.

Final figures are published in the annual summary of the following year.

Reliability: Approximately 130 reports are received each month which represent about 90 percent of total capacity. 

Monthly data can vary due to different firms reporting month to month. 

Survey data are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in processing the data. 

While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are minimized by carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional information. 

E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov.

Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch . (202) 720-6146

Scott Shimmin, Head, Environmental and Demographics Section ................... (202) 720-0684
   Stephanie Brennan - Field Crops Chemical Use .................................. (202) 690-0392
   Natasha Bruton - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports ........................ (202) 720-7644
   Courtney Charles- Current Agricultural Industrial Reports ........................ (202) 690-3226
   Ryan Cowen - Farms, Land in Farms, Census of Agriculture ......................... (202) 690-3233
   Doug Farmer - Vegetable Chemical Use ............................... (202) 720-7492
   Virginia Harris - Census of Agriculture ........................................ (502) 582-5293
   Dominique Sims - Census of Agriculture ....................................... (202) 690-4752
   Theresa Varner - Farm Labor, Chemical Use ...................................(202) 690-2284

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